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Orthopedic surgery or orthopedics is the branch of surgery concerned with conditions involving the musculoskeletal system.

What is orthopedic surgery?

Orthopedic surgery is a medical specialty that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of conditions and injuries related to the musculoskeletal system. The musculoskeletal system includes bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles, and nerves. Orthopedic surgeons are medical doctors who specialize in this field and are trained to perform surgical procedures to correct and treat various orthopedic conditions.

Orthopedic surgery covers a wide range of conditions and treatments, including:

Fracture Repair: Orthopedic surgeons often perform surgeries to repair broken bones, whether they are simple fractures or complex fractures that require the use of hardware such as screws, plates, or rods to stabilize and support the bone during the healing process.

Joint Replacement: When a joint is severely damaged or diseased, orthopedic surgeons may perform joint replacement surgery. This involves removing the damaged joint and replacing it with an artificial joint made of metal, plastic, or ceramic materials. Common joint replacements include hip replacement, knee replacement, and shoulder replacement.

Arthroscopy: Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that allows orthopedic surgeons to visualize, diagnose, and treat problems inside a joint. It involves inserting a thin tube with a camera (arthroscope) into the joint through a small incision, enabling the surgeon to examine and repair damaged tissues or remove loose fragments.

Spinal Surgery: Orthopedic surgeons who specialize in spinal surgery perform procedures to treat conditions such as herniated discs, spinal deformities, spinal stenosis, and spinal fractures. These surgeries can involve decompression (removing pressure on nerves), fusion (joining vertebrae together), or the placement of spinal instrumentation (such as rods and screws) to stabilize the spine.

Sports Medicine Procedures: Orthopedic surgeons who specialize in sports medicine focus on the treatment of sports-related injuries. They perform procedures such as ligament reconstructions (e.g., ACL reconstruction), tendon repairs, and cartilage restoration surgeries to help athletes and active individuals recover from injuries and return to their sports or activities.

Hand and Wrist Surgery: Orthopedic surgeons may specialize in hand and wrist surgery, performing procedures to treat conditions such as carpal tunnel syndrome, trigger finger, tendon injuries, fractures, and arthritis affecting the hand and wrist.

Orthopedic surgery aims to alleviate pain, restore function, improve mobility, and enhance the overall quality of life for individuals with musculoskeletal conditions. Treatment plans may also involve non-surgical approaches, such as physical therapy, medication, or other conservative measures, depending on the specific condition and patient's needs

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